After many introductory speeches are given on the topic, generally a committee will suspend formal debate in order to caucus. During these informal breaks, delegates ought to seek out other delegates that agree with their position in general, and begin to formulate a draft resolution through compromise and negotiation. A good speech after caucus should:
- Move away from general ideas on the topic and instead focus on the specific ideas or proposals for action; bring up points in the draft resolution that have yet to be decided or discussed by the body, or points of disagreement between two contending draft resolutions in order to clearly delineate the differences
- Convince others of their plan of action and call for input from as many countries as possible in order to secure their draft resolutions transition in to resolution.
Speeches introducing a draft resolution (sponsors speech)
Once a draft resolution has been finalized and the required number of signatories have been gathered, delegates should approach the chair for approval of the draft resolution. Once approved, the director will have the draft resolution typed and distributed to the entire body, and call upon its sponsor(s) to address the body for an introductory speech.
Speeches introducing a draft resolution should not necessarily be a recitation of each clause but should highlight significant passages that demonstrate how it differs from other proposals. Sponsors should also argue why other plans already introduced do not adequately address the topic or issue, and why their plan is the better choice.
These speeches are generally given by more than one delegate, since the draft resolutions are sponsored by many countries. It is important that delegates are seen as inviting input and compromise in order to achieve the best resolution possible.
Speeches on amendments
If a delegate generally agrees with a draft resolution but wishes to change parts of it, they can do so with an amendment. Delegates should always approach the sponsors of a resolution to see if they will include the amendments automatically (friendly amendments), delegates should then try to bring the amendment into debate and have the body vote upon it.
Speeches introducing amendments should not only state the amendment and its purpose, but also stress the delegations general agreement with the draft resolution. Amendments should not be offered to destroy a draft resolution, but rather to make it even better. Therefore, these speeches should focus on the positive aspects of the draft resolution, with the understanding that it can be improved.