Transcript of Armistice Agreement for the Restoration of the South Korean State (1953)

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  Agreement between the Commander-in-Chief, United Nations Command, on the one hand, and the Supreme Commander of the Korean People’s Army and the Commander of the Chinese People’s volunteers, on the other hand, concerning a military armistice in Korea. Preamble The undersigned, the Commander-in-Chief, United Nations Command, on the one hand, and the Supreme Commander […]

A Comprehensive Resolution of the Korean War – Possible US Policy for Korean Peace

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”A Comprehensive Resolution of the Korean War – Possible US Policy for  Korean Peace”] Although the Korean War Armistice Agreement stopped the fighting in 1953, it has yet to be replaced by a permanent settlement. A U.S. initiative to convene, under the auspices of the United Nations Security Council, a four-party conference to […]

Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977 and 2005

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”THE GENEVA  CONVENTIONS  OF 12 AUGUST 1949 – FULL TEXT”] [pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”SUMMARY OF  THE GENEVA CONVENTIONS  OF 12 AUGUST 1949  AND THEIR ADDITIONAL PROTOCOLS”] In time of war, certain humanitarian rules must be observed, even with regard to the enemy. These rules are set out mainly in the four Geneva Conventions of […]

Western Sahara and the United Nations Norms on Self-Determination and Aggression

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”Western Sahara and the United Nations Norms on Self-Determination and Aggression  Roger S. Clark* “] This paper looks at various case studies on self determination and the norms that are in place regarding it and looks at how they would play a role in western Sahara which is known to be a common topic […]

SECESSION, RECOGNITION & THE INTERNATIONAL POLITICS OF STATEHOOD

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”SECESSION, RECOGNITION & THE INTERNATIONAL POLITICS OF STATEHOOD “] Secessionist regimes universally seek other States’ formal recognition. Indeed, a ‘critical mass’ of external recognition must be achieved before any secessionist actor is considered a full member of international society. Yet Statesmen often disagree about what distinguishes a legitimate from an illegitimate claim to sovereign […]

MONTEVIDEO CONVENTION ON RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF STATES

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  [pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”MONTEVIDEO CONVENTION”] This treaty was signed at the International Conference of American States in Montevideo, Uruguay on December 26, 1933. It entered into force on December 26, 1934. The treaty discusses the definition and rights of statehood and is generally refereed to by delegates when discussing questions of state cession and of self determination. Therefore it […]

Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of Treaties

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of Treaties”] When states secede, the question arises as to what happens to all the treaties and conventions that it has signed and also to all the pledges and commitments the parent state has made, and one of the more prominent documents that outline the […]

Abortion Worldwide: Seventeen Years of Reform

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”Abortion Worldwide: Seventeen Years of Reform”] In 1994, the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (PoA) called upon governments to strengthen their commitment to women’s health by addressing unsafe abortion and supporting a woman’s right to make decisions about her reproductive capacity and her body.2 While the PoA’s […]

Safe Abortion: Technical and Policy Guidance for Health Systems

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”Safe Abortion: Technical and Policy Guidance for Health Systems”] In October 2000,at the United Nations Millennium Summit,all countries agreed on the global imperative to reduce poverty and inequities.The need to improve maternal health was identified as one of the key Millennium Development Goals,with a target of reducing levels of maternal mortality by three-quarters […]