RULE-OF-LAW TOOLS FOR POST-CONFLICT STATES – Vetting: an operational framework

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”RULE-OF-LAW TOOLS FOR  POST-CONFLICT STATES – Vetting: an operational framework”] Reforming institutions contributes to achieving a central objective of an effective and legitimate transitional justice policy: the prevention of future human rights abuses. One important aspect of institutional reform efforts in countries in transition is vetting processes to exclude from public institutions persons […]

The Law of War and the Responsibility to Protect Civilians: A Reinterpretation by Thomas Lee

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Two seemingly unrelated crises implicating the law of war and the responsibility to protect civilians have arisen in recent years. In 2013, the United States considered military intervention without U.N. Security Council preapproval in Syria after discovering that the government had exterminated its own people with chemical agents. In 2014, Russia sent troops into Crimea, […]

MONTEVIDEO CONVENTION ON RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF STATES

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  [pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”MONTEVIDEO CONVENTION”] This treaty was signed at the International Conference of American States in Montevideo, Uruguay on December 26, 1933. It entered into force on December 26, 1934. The treaty discusses the definition and rights of statehood and is generally refereed to by delegates when discussing questions of state cession and of self determination. Therefore it […]

Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of Treaties

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of Treaties”] When states secede, the question arises as to what happens to all the treaties and conventions that it has signed and also to all the pledges and commitments the parent state has made, and one of the more prominent documents that outline the […]

Defining terrorism

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”terrorism definitions”] Since terrorism has not been clearly defined by the UN and a universal definition is almost impossible to create, it is generally a common issue that arises in any security related committee at MUN conferences. This document shows the different definitions in place for the word terrorism.It can be used by […]

STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE (ICJ)

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                                                             Article 1   The International Court of Justice established by the Charter of the United Nations as the principal judicial organ of the United Nations shall be constituted and shall function in accordance with the provisions of the present Statute. CHAPTER I – ORGANIZATION OF THE COURT Article 2 The Court shall be composed of […]