Post-Conflict Economic Recovery – Enabling Local Ingenuity

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”Post-Conflict Economic Recovery – Enabling Local Ingenuity”] Since the end of the Cold War, around 100 violent conflicts have come to an end across the world. Although this is the result largely of the internal efforts of individual countries, it is also due to the dramatic increase in support from the international community.Still,for […]

RULE-OF-LAW TOOLS FOR POST-CONFLICT STATES – Vetting: an operational framework

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”RULE-OF-LAW TOOLS FOR  POST-CONFLICT STATES – Vetting: an operational framework”] Reforming institutions contributes to achieving a central objective of an effective and legitimate transitional justice policy: the prevention of future human rights abuses. One important aspect of institutional reform efforts in countries in transition is vetting processes to exclude from public institutions persons […]

A Typology of Post-Conflict Environments

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”A Typology of Post-Conflict Environments “]   Despite the apparent decline in the global incidence of major armed conflict, there remain many countries in conflict and many others that are struggling with the legacy of recent violence. The majority of these countries are among the poorer and less developed ones. Increasing attention within […]

Framework Agreement between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration ofthe United States of America and the Israel Space Agency for Cooperation in Aeronautics and the Exploration and Use of Airspace and Outer Space for Peaceful Purposes

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This Framework Agreement sets forth the obligations, terms, and conditions for cooperation between the Parties in aeronautics and the exploration and use of airspace and outer space for peaceful purposes in areas of common interest and on the basis of equality and mutual benefit.   [pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”Framework Agreement between the National Aeronautics and Space […]

The Law of War and the Responsibility to Protect Civilians: A Reinterpretation by Thomas Lee

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Two seemingly unrelated crises implicating the law of war and the responsibility to protect civilians have arisen in recent years. In 2013, the United States considered military intervention without U.N. Security Council preapproval in Syria after discovering that the government had exterminated its own people with chemical agents. In 2014, Russia sent troops into Crimea, […]

Towards the use of the Private Military Companies in the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations By Sebastian Deschamps COTIPSO Programme UNITAR POCI

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”click here to view full text of Towards the use of the Private Military Companies in the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations By Sebastian Deschamps COTIPSO Programme UNITAR POCI”] Zimbabwe, Harare Airport, March 7th, 2004. A Boeing 727-100 (N4610) waits patiently on the tarmac of the military zone. Behind the veiled ports, no light […]

PRIVATE MILITARY SERVICE PROVIDERS: AFRICA’S WELCOME PARIAHS By Doug Brooks

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”click here to view full text”] There has been much written on the “scourge” of mercenaries, private military companies, and private security companies that are operating in Africa. They are blamed for instigating conflicts, for human rights abuses, for intensifying wars, for dealing in conflict diamonds, for landmines, for child soldiers, for selling […]

The Future of International Private Military Services

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[pdf_attachment file=”1″ name=”Click here to view full document”] Private companies that provide military services worldwide are flourishing, especially in Africa. Widespread conflict means that firms prepared to provide explosives disposal, robust security for resource extraction operations and even protection for humanitarian NGO operations are finding lucrative contracts. The same conflicts may also provide opportunities for […]

Situation in Korea

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Korean War On 25 June 1950, Communist North Korean troops poured across the border into South Korea, intent on reunifying the country through force of arms. What began as an escalation in Korea’s bitter civil war soon exploded into a major international crisis, as first the United States and then China intervened by sending hundreds […]